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Explaining a hostname with some examples
The hostname is what a device is called on a network. Alternative terms for this are computer name and site name. The hostname is used to distinguish devices within a local network. In addition, computers can be found by others through the hostname, which enables data exchange within a network, for example. Hostnames are used on the internet as part of the fully qualified domain name. The hostname is a freely selectable name for a host. However, if a computer needs to be available over the internet as well as locally, the hostname needs to be supplemented by information that indicates what part of the internet the computer is located in. In the internet, computers can be uniquely assigned using a combination of hostname and domain. An example of an FQDN would be:. If you read the terms of the hierarchy from right to left, you can recognize the components of the FQDN in the following order: root label empty , top level domain.
Differentiation between hostname, domain and fully qualified domain name
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How the web works provides a simplified view of what happens when you view a webpage in a web browser on your computer or phone. This theory is not essential to writing web code in the short term, but before long you'll really start to benefit from understanding what's happening in the background. Computers connected to the web are called clients and servers. A simplified diagram of how they interact might look like this:. The client and server we've described above don't tell the whole story. There are many other parts involved, and we'll describe them below. For now, let's imagine that the web is a road. On one end of the road is the client, which is like your house. On the other end of the road is the server, which is a shop you want to buy something from. From a server standpoint it is important to know the order in which these files are parsed when the response is sent back:.